Ellen Lloyd – AncientPages.com – Magnificent ancient city of Petra was first inhabited by a Semitic-speaking tribe of the Edomites, mentioned in the Bible as descendants of Esau, the father of the Edomites in the hill country of Seir. After the Edomites, the Nabateans arrived and settled there in the third century B.C.
The Nabateans who were skilled ancient astronomers, raised celestially aligned buildings at the site. Mysterious and legendary Petra, today known as a “fairy city of pink sandstone”, was lost to the western world, and erased from our memory for over a thousand years.
Archaeologists have slowly revealed some of Petra’s oldest secrets, but there are still many unanswered questions. Why did the Nabataeans abandon their sacred city? One scientist says he has discovered evidence indicating that the ancient city of Petra was destroyed by a Great Flood.
SACRED ANCIENT CITY HAD ASTRONOMICALLY ALIGNED TEMPLES
The Nabataeans prospered in the first century BC and the first century AD in what is now Jordan and neighboring countries.
These enigmatic people are mentioned about the beginning of the Christian era as a race distinguished for their astronomical and general knowledge. It is supposed that they were the ancestors of the ancient Babylonians and Chaldeans.
The ancient city of Petra, with more than 3,000 temples, tombs and thousands of caves carved out of sandstone rocks was built at the foot of Jordan’s Jebel al-Madhbah mountain, in the harsh desert of southern Jordan and situated in Mt. Seir, about 80 kilometers south of the Dead Sea and 2,775 feet above sea-level.
After being lost to the world for a very long time, Petra was rediscovered in 1812.
The purpose of the rock-cut city hidden away in rather secret location, has baffled many scholars, archaeologists and ordinary travelers. Was it a sacred city, a commercial center or a fortress?
While examining the ancient city of Petra, scientists discovered evidence that builders of the site’s temples were skilled astronomers. There are several examples of how celestial events influenced the orientation of the great constructions of the Nabateans.
When the Nabataeans constructed their monuments, they observed equinoxes, solstices and other astronomical events that determined the Nabataean religion.
“The Nabataean monuments are marvelous laboratories where landscape features and the events of the sun, moon and other stars interact,” Juan Antonio Belmonte, researcher of Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias and CSIC (Spain) said.
There is no doubt that the city of Petra was of great importance to the Nabataeans, and yet they deserted it – why?
EVIDENCE OF PETRA’S GREAT FLOOD DISCOVERED
Unraveling the mystery of Petra’s destruction is very difficult without written records that could shed light on what took place in this region so long ago. However, it is possible to piece together the clues with help of geology. By investigating rocks and other natural formation, the landscape can tell us a great deal about the region’s past.
There is evidence that Petra did survive a devastating earthquake that many previously though had destroyed the city. According to Dr. Thomas R. Paradise, who is a Professor in geoscience at the University of Arkansas, the ancient city of Petra was destroyed by a Great Flood in the 4th century.
Ancient city of Petra. Image credit: Martino Pietropoli
Professor Paradise has conducted research in Petra since the late 1980s and he is convinced traces of white sand found in the rubble offer proof of a massive flooding that forced the city’s inhabitants to abandon their sacred and precious site.
How did white sand end up in a valley exclusively of red rock? Professor paradise says the white sand does not belong there.
The most obvious evidence of a catastrophic flood, according to Professor Paradise, may be hidden tight beneath our feet. Aerial images and on-the-ground observation reveal huge areas of limestone pavements are missing from the surface of the Colonnaded Road from the Nymphaeum, past the South Portico, through the Temenos Gate to Qasr al-Bint.
The missing pavements were not stolen, but absent in patterns that create broad arcing voids.
The missing pavements offer evidence of a great Flood. Image credit: Dr. Tom Paradise
The Nabataeans were aware flooding could destroy their entire city and they did their best to keep the Siq, Petra’s main entrance dry because it was their main connection to the outside world. Being innovative people, they created a tunnel to divert the rainwater from the Siq, but their plan failed and the tunnel led to a disaster.
Professor Paradise discovered evidence that the entrance of the tunnel the water was at some point massively backed -up. According to Dr. Paradise and his team when 5-7 meters of water floodwater reached the tunnel the flood covered the street with 16 feet of sand and debris.
The Nabataeans built a tunnel to divert the rainwater from the Siq, but this was not a good idea. Image credit: Dr. Tom Paradise
This massive flooding led to the end of Petra’s existence. Injuries and destruction would have been widespread and countless people died. Why there are no written records of the Petra’s Great Flood is an unsolved mystery. But Professor paradise thinks the event might have occurred as a function of the great earthquake in 363 A.D., or the flooding simply happened so close in time that it was lost in the blur of devastation.
Has Professor Paradise solved the mystery of what caused the destruction of the ancient city of Petra? Perhaps he has. His evidence is intruding and certainly worth closer examination by other experts.
MASSIVE FLOODING HAS DESTROYED MANY ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS
Of course, it would be the first time flooding led to the destruction of a great ancient civilization, though some ancient places managed to recover. According to archaeological records, Kish City survived the Great Flood that happened some 7,600 years ago and was mentioned in Jewish, Christian and Muslim scriptures.
Not long ago, scientists found evidence that the ancient Chinese legend of the Great Flood is true and this cataclysmic event did indeed happen.
The story of the Great Flood can be found among all ancient cultures.
By carbon dating two different types of soil samples of what was once the ancient earthen dam, scientists were able to reveal that about 4,000 years ago, a massive earthquake struck central China creating a massive landslide in deep, narrow valley with rocky, steep sides. That landslide corked up the gorge, forming a pyramid-like dam of rock and dirt that blocked the Yellow River. The researchers estimate the damn held for about 6 to 9 months and when it finally broke the waters cause massive destruction.
Many people associate the story of the Great Flood with the Bible.
However, ancient cultures all across the world have myths and legends describing a time in the distant past when a horrifying Deluge wiped all almost all life on Earth. The truth is that except for Antarctica there is not a single continent whose population is not familiar with the story of the Great Flood and Noah’s escape.
The Great Flood that destroyed the ancient city of Petra is not the same event that is usually associated with the story of Noah’s Ark. Petra was destroyed much later, about 2,000 years ago. However, Professor Paradise’s evidence confirms what most of us already know, namely that many ancient civilizations did vanish from this Earth due to sudden Earth changes, such as for example – flooding.
Written by Ellen Lloyd – AncientPages.com
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Ellen Lloyd – is the owner of AncientPages.com and an author who has spent decades researching ancient mysteries, myths, legends and sacred texts, but she is also very interested in astronomy, astrobiology and science in general